Brief Biographies of Magic Inventors - Page H - I - J

  Haden, Conrad
(? - ? )
American coin specialist and inventor of the Expanded Shell, $1.35 trick, Dime to English Penny and others. Many of his tricks are included in J.B. Bobo's Modern Coin Magic.
Hahne, Nelson C.
American magic enthusiast and illustrator of several books on magic. Also co-authored several magic booklets.
Invented: The Penetrating Silk, Winged Silver and many more.
Illustrated: Modern Coin Magic, by J.B. Bobo; Annemann's Card Magic, by Ted Annemann; The Encyclopedia of Card Tricks, by Jean Hugard, Rope Royale, by Keith Clark
Co-authored Here's Magic with Joe Berg.
His illustrations of impeccably dressed magicians influenced whole generations of young apprentices to the craft.
(1941 - )
Flip Hallema was born the 3rd of June in 1941 in Rotterdam, Holland. He started to study magic as a hobby at the age of nine. He was an industrial designer untill 1972. Then he became a full time professional magician and performs only under the name FL!P (spelled with an exclamation point!). He gives performances and many lectures all over the world about his own inventions. FL!P has become very famous in the world of magicians for his FL!Pstick-move, which is mentioned in the
Tarbell Course, Volume 7. Many magicians are using this move today thanks to all the lectures he gave.

FL!P has won many prizes for performing and for invention, but in 2006 he received the most important one, the Performing Fellowship Award from The Magic Academy in Hollywood.

Invented: Flip-Pins, The Flip Coin Fold, Flip’s Impossible Knot, The Knotologist, Flip’s Bare-handed Card Vanish, Flip's Vanishing Glass, Flip's Silk and Wand and many more.
Wrote: Flip Experience (2001)
Media: FL!P's Truly Magical Rope Magic - Video 1980, DVD 2004
The Very Best of FL!P - 6 DVD's, 2004

Information contriubuted by Mariëtte Roovers

Hamilton, Warren Robert
(1906 - 1971)
American manufacturer of Tampa, Florida, best known for inventing and producing the "improved" automatic JoAnne Card Duck (1946) for the L.L. Ireland Magic Company, based on the original (1936) Otto the Automatic Card Duck idea by Ireland.
Hamman, Brother John
John Charles Hamman was a Christian Brother and member of the Marianist congregation of Brothers and Priests, as well as an American card magic specialist and inventor of creative card moves much used in card magic today. At the age of 26, he was paralyzed by polio and became wheelchair bound. He spent his time in recuperation teaching himself magic, especially with cards. He invented the Hamman Count and Flustration Count among others. For more information, see The Secrets of Brother John Hamman (1989) by Richard Kaufman.
Media: Bro. John Hamman's Lost Works DVD
Harbin, Robert
(1909 - 1978 )
Robert Harbin (born Edward "Ned" Williams in South Africa), magician, developed illusions of his own such as the "Neon Light Illusion" and is generally regarded as the man who made the transition from the great illusionists of the past to the modern magicians we know today. He was the first person to make a success of magic on TV in Britain starting in 1940 when he was able for the first time to bring magic to people's homes and entertain huge audiences, establishing his name as one of the pioneers of television magic. He was particularly remembered on TV for his presentations of paper folding (origami) items.
Invented: The Vanishing Radio, Assistant's Revenge, Four of a Kind, Topsy-Turvey, Zig-Zag (1965), Fade Away, Aztec Lady.
Video Clips-
Aztec Lady:
Vintage Video:
Torn & Restored Newspaper:
Harlan, Daniel D.
(1964 - )
Born on October 14, 1964 in Fremont, Ohio, Dan Harlan began studying magic when he was nine years old. His early influences were books by Milbourne Christopher, Bill Severn and Martin Gardner. By the time he was 13, Harlan was performing stand-up for private parties and close-up at his weekly restaurant gig. Perhaps best known for his pioneering work with rubber band magic, Harlan is also famous for his many other unique creations which span all genres of magic. He has appeared on and consulted for numerous TV shows in the USA and abroad. Performing, writing, teaching, consulting, creating and lecturing, Dan Harlan does it all.

Harlan’s marketed creations include: Color Mixer (1987), Hold It, Buster! (1988), Starcle, Card-Toon (1992), Missing Think (1994) later released as Ghost Deck by Milton Bradley in the MagicWorks line, Card-Toon 2 (1994), Birthday Suit, Doggone Impawsible, Financial Attraction, Hot Crossed Ones, Fart-Toon (1998), Hover Card (1998), Mixed Emotions (1999), Shrinky-Ink (2000), Crazy-8 (2001), My Word! (2001), Mind Surf, Pip Art, Red Rover, Royal Oil, Captain Dread (2003), Crazy-Cash (2003), Diabolical Disc (2008), The Awakening (awarded Magic Nook's Best Rope Effect of 2010).

Harlan has appeared on many instructional videos including: Bandshark, Close-Up Magic of Dan Harlan, Magic With Rubberbands (3 Volumes), Pack Small, Play Big (4 Volumes), Ultimate Impromptu (3 Volumes), Emerson & West Packet Tricks (6 Volumes), Mindbogglers (4 Volumes), Premium Blend (6 Volumes), Harlan: Live!, & at least 12 Volumes of World’s Greatest Magic.
Harlan also co-published The MINOTAUR quarterly magic magazine (with Marv Leventhal).

Online Videos:
Starcle ; The Awakening ; Hold It, Buster!

Informative Web site:

Harris, Ed
While Ed Harris was not exactly a magician, his work in art and illustration revolved around magicians and were used by many generations of magicians. Many of his chalk-talk illustrations were his original inventions and seemed like magic to audiences of the magicians who used them in their shows. Examples: Turning the letters of the word "CLOWN" into a picture of a clown, or turning a sketch of a rabbit into a monkey, (both from "40 Fun Chalk-Talk Gags").

Wrote and Illustrated: 40 Fun Chalk-Talk Gags, Chalk-talkers Comic Trickartoons (1971), Comic Trick Cartoons (1972), Mystery Bill, Twelve Amazing Magic Tricks You Can Do, Chalk Talk Stunts for the Clown (1989),

Illustrated: "Kid Biz" by David Ginn, Cover of "Dove, Silk and Flower Magic" by
John D. Pomeroy, Phil Temple Poster, "Magic and Monsters for Kids I Love" by David Ginn (1984), "For My Next Trick" by Karrell Fox (1985), "My Latest Book" by Karrell Fox (1988), "Much Ado About Something" by Karrell Fox, Artwork for the U.S. Toy Magic trick "Frustrated Freddie" (1995),

More information on Chalk Talking as a Performing Art: -

Harris, Paul
(1954 - ?)
Paul Thomas Harris is an inventor, magician, and writer. Described by the magic magazine Genii (December 1996) as “the most innovative magic mind of our day”, he is known to have invented tricks including: “linking playing cards”(1983), “a solid deck”, a torn and restored card effect, coins materializing from mirrors (1979), a card that appears to turn ninety degrees when pushed into the pack, Vanishing Deck (1973), Twilight Angels (2000), and many, many more.
Harris has performed at the Dunes Hotel and at other locations on the Las Vegas Strip and was a technical advisor for David Blaine’s Magic Man and Street Magic TV shows.
Wrote: Magic of Paul Harris (1976) , Close Up Fantasies (Volumes 1 and 2 - 1980), A Close-Up Kinda Guy (1983), The Art of Astonishment (Volumes 1,2 and 3 1996), Paul Harris Reveals Some of His Most Intimate Secrets (1976) and many, many more.

A more complete list of his books and inventions can be found on the Magipedia Website:

Media: His series of VHS tapes called "Stars of Magic" is now available as a DVD in 3 volumes, as is his Art of Astonishment series.

(1836 -1903 )
Joseph Michael Hartz was born on the 10th of August 1836, at Liverpool, where his father, who was of Dutch descent, carried on business as a watchmaker under the name of Hart, the original family name having been anglicised by the dropping of the final “ z ” . When Hartz was about twelve years old, he saw one of Robert-Houdin's performances, convincing him to become a magician. In 1859, he performed professionally at the Adelaide Gallery in London under the name of Hartz with an act consisting of apparatus made entirely of glass, or as he called it, crystal. In 1867, Hartz and his younger brother, Augustus (Gus), traveled to New York where in 1870 they established the first magic shop in America, the Hartz Magic Repository located on Broadway. In 1887, Hartz transformed a popular trick of the day, The Inexhaustible Hat, into his own version called "Devil of a Hat." Many of Hartz's contributions are as an originator, rather than as an inventor. He improved upon many standard tricks of his day and was considered by many of his peers to be a "magician's magician.".
Also invented: The Inexhaustible Handkerchief, The Improved Money Column, a Production Bird Cage, Dematerialised Glass of Water, The Automatic Rising Cards, The Hartz Hook, The Floating Head, Crystal Pillar and Glove, Aerial Bell
Wrote: Hartz's New Book of Magic (1866)
There is a biography of Hartz included in Hoffmann's "Magical Tidbits" and sometimes included with 1911 publications of Hoffmann's "Later Day Magic." Additional material is from The Linking Ring (June 1927, Vol. VI, No. 4); The Linking Ring (May 1931, Vol. XI, No. 3); The Linking Ring (June 1997).

Special thanks to Mark Damon for his Linking Ring research and contribuitions to this article.

Cover of the May 1931 Linking Ring
Hatton, Henry

Born in New York. Stage name of Patrick Henry Cannon since 1867. Inspired seeing Heimbürger, J.H. Anderson, and Macallister. Self-taught. Wrote (as P.H. Cannon) the Lessons in Magic series, which ran from 1865 to 1867 in Our Young Folks (Boston). Notable because, like Hoffmann's later Modern Magic, it was largely based on Ponsin. Pro since 1867 when he interrupted the Lessons in Magic series to begin touring. Joined SAM 1902 as Member #21. Co-authored (as Henry Hatton with Adrian Plate) Magicians' Tricks (1910), a classic that Henry Hay rightly called the 'first American general textbook' of magic. The co-authors drew the wrath of many colleagues for public exposure by permitting key sections to be reprinted in St. Nicholas, a bestselling magazine for boys. Hatton weathered this scandal to become President of SAM 1912-14.
Wrote: Secrets of Conjuring, The Art of Second Sight
  Hay, Henry
Born June Barrows Mussey in New York City, he started performing when he was only 13 as "Hadji Baba - The Boy Magician." He wrote magic books under the name of Barrows Mussey, but then adopted the pseudonym of Henry Hay to write the Cyclopedia of Magic (1949) and The Amateur Magician's Handbook (1950)

Haydn, Whit
(1949 - )

Born Whitney Wesley Hadden, from Clarksville, Tennessee, Whit "Pop" Haydn is an American magician, the winner of six "Magician of the Year" performing awards from the Academy of Magical Arts at Hollywood's Magic Castle.

While he has not exactly invented new magic, his creativity has given new life to many old magic effects like the Linking Rings, the Shells and Pea, and a cut and restored effect that most magicians know as "The Mongolian Pop Knot Mystery." Also created original routines for the Hydrostatic Glass, Color Changing Silk, The Six Card Repeat, The Chicago Surprise, and Color Changing Knives. He invented his Teleportation Device in 1981. You can see his first test of the device on YouTube: . Also invented the "Sharper Pens" for the shell game, "Jumbo Trade Show Shells", and created the "Haydn Turnover" and the "Maneuvers" for the shell game. Created many of the moves for "Fast and Loose" that appear in his 2000 book.

Wrote: Comedy Four Ring Routine (1976), The Mongolian Pop-Knot (1982), The Chicago Surprise (2000), School for Scoundrels Notes for Fast and Loose (2000), Street Magic (2001), Stories of a Street Performer (2012). Also wrote: Notes on the Three Card Monte, Fast and Loose Lecture Notes, The School for Scoundrels Notes on Three Card Monte, The Intricate Web of Distraction (Color Changing Knives).

Informative Web sites: -

Complete "official" biography HERE:

  Hazeldene, Norman
A British semi-professional magician who performed under the stage name of “The Great Norman,” he is largely remembered because of one invention : The Elusive Rabbits. This trick was first marketed in England by Harry Stanley, and later Edwin Hooper of Supreme and under license in the USA by Abbott’s as, The Hippity-Hop Rabbits (1947). Also invented: Discus, Improved Card Go, Improved Disecto, Bang Pistol.

Information provided by Mark Damon, who used as his reference sources Bart Whaley’s Who’s Who in Magic, and also Whaley's Encyclopedic Dictionary of Magic. Additional information on his inventions provided by his neighbor, Tony James.

Heller, Robert
(1829 -1878)
Robert Heller was the stage name of British magician William Henry Ridout Palmer, inventor of the Coin Ladder, made by his inventive American mechanic-manager, Edward Beadle, who also built an automatic coin ladder in 1902 for Harry Kellar.

According to Professor Hoffmann (in Later Magic) Heller was also a co-inventor (with Professor Charles De Vere) of the Black Art Table.

Wrote: Robert Heller His Doings (1875)

Books often attributed to him: Heller's Handbook of Magic (1891) (an unauthorized reprint of a book by J. Dazely Theobald called "Magic and It's Mysteries" (1881), Heller's Book of Magic (1898) (Contains a reprint of first 100 pages of Theobald's book above.)

Informative biographical Web-site:

Hendrix, Carisa
( )

Carisa Hendrix grew up in Calgary, Canada where she met the actors, magicians, and circus performers that would shape her early career.

Carisa Hendrix today is a talented character actress best known for her beloved comedy magic character Lucy Darling. Following her recent appearance on Penn & Teller: Fool Us, Carisa has been performing as Lucy and touring internationally non-stop, as well as performing her critically acclaimed 70-minute show Indulgence, which premiered at the Melbourne Magic Festival and received critical acclaim and multiple five-star reviews during her three-month sold-out run at the Chicago Magic Lounge.

So far, her one acknowledged magic invention is her Book Production, in which she produces a thick, heavy book from an empty paper bag.

Her 2020 interviews with Connie Boyd reveal more about her life and magic:
Carisa Hendrix #2 - Creating magic and jokes: (shows her Book Production)
Carisa Hendrix #1 - Creating Lucy Darling, Character Development :
Carisa Hendrix #3 - AMA Stage Magician of the Year:

Carisa Hendrix's Book Production
Henry, S.S.
S.S. Henry ( Sheldon Spahr Henry) was an American magician who was quite successful on the Lyceum and Chautauqua circuits between 1912 and 1939. It was while performing on the Vaudeville circuit that his show inspired young Harold Rice, who was allowed to see Henry's shows free in return for feeding Henry's pet goat, which vanished from a box twice each day. S.S. Henry was also an accomplished "Sand Painter" and passed the art along to other performers of his era.

S.S. Henry invented the Goldfish Bowl Production Table in standard use today, as well as an obsolete Vanish of a Bowl of Liquid, Where Do the Rats Go?, and probably others.He may have invented the "Tear Apart Vanish" or else was one of the earliest magicians recorded to be using the effect to vanish a dove( c. 1923). His inventions were documented in Jack Gwynne's Scrapbook, probably unknown to Henry.

Heron of Alexandria
(10 BC - 75 AD)
Heron (or Hero) of Alexandria taught at the Museum in Alexandria. His works look like lecture notes from courses he must have given there on mathematics, physics, pneumatics, and mechanics. Some are clearly textbooks, while others are perhaps drafts of lecture notes not yet worked into final form for a student textbook. In his book Pneumatica, he describes making trick jars that give out wine or water separately or in constant proportions, singing birds and sounding trumpets, puppets that move when a fire is lit on an altar, animals that drink when they are offered water. He is also credited with making the first steam engine (drawing on the right) although it was regarded as no more than a toy.
Herrmann, Carl Compars
The greatest magician of what was to become the most famous magic family of the 19th century, Carl Compars Herrmann was born near Hanover Germany. Born one of sixteen children, his father, Samuel Herrmann was a wandering magician. His father introduced the family into magic by performing a private seance for Napoleon.
Carl (Compars) Herrmann was an older brother of Alexander Herrmann and made his first big public debut at the Theatre Royal in the Haymarket, London, in 1848, where he performed the suspension illusion entitled 'Le Suspension Ethéréenne' (or Suspension by Ether). From that beginning, he toured in Central Europe, England, France and America.
Hilliard, John Northern
(1872- 1935)
Born in Palmyra, NY, Hilliard became a reporter on the Chicago Press, then moved to the New York Telegram. In New York, he met Howard Thurston and became interested in magic. He corresponded with Angelo Lewis (Professor Hoffman) and was influenced to write The Art of Magic (1909) by T. Nelson Downs. Floyd Thayer urged him to write for the Magical Bulletin. In 1925, Hilliard became an advance man for The Thurston show. During this time he accumulated notes from every conceivable source on what he was learning about magic. In 1932, Carl Waring Jones urged him to turn his notes into a book, offering to publish it, but Hilliard suddenly died in 1935, his great book left unwritten.
His friends stepped in, took his notes and worked them into the book he had intended- one for the magical profession only. Jean Hugard helped Carl Jones edit and write up the notes. Harlan Tarbell made drawings, often with Hugard posing for the illustrations. In 1938, Hilliard's Greater Magic was published posthumously. It was followed by publication of More Greater Magic and The Lost Notebooks of John Northern Hilliard.
More than just a writer, Hilliard also contributed some of his own inventions to the art of magic: The Great Poker Trick, a Two Person Code, an Original Magazine Test, Two Souls With But a Single Thought, Experiment in Mind Reading, a Think Stop Trick, Date Divination, a Dictionary Trick.
Himber, Richard
Born Herbert Richard Imber in Newark, NJ, Himber was famous as a bandleader and practical joker as well as a magician and inventor of many magic effects, including the Himber Ring (after an idea by Persi Diaconis) and the Himber Wallet, Vanishing Bottles from Carton, the Himber Milk Pitcher (after the De Muth Milk Bottle principle 1943), Himber's Invisible Gimmick, Himber's Mental Masterpiece, Himber Water (Pail) Suspension, Himber Vanishing Coke, Newsweek Production.
Wrote: Articles included in Richard Himber The Man and His Magic (1980) published by Magico Magazine. Also: Richard Himber's Ideas- The Hundred Dollar Book, by Harry Lorayne (1963).
In 1933 Himber composed the hit song It Isn't Fair. He managed Rudy Vallee's orchestra and finally formed his own orchestra and toured the U.S.A. with it. Other popular tunes that Himber composed were After the Rain, Haunting Memories, Time Will Tell, Am I Asking Too Much, and I'm Getting Nowhere Fast With You.
Histed, Louis
(1897- 1965)
The British magician Louis Histed was a gifted amateur magician most of his life, but his reputation as a magic inventor has made him one of the unforgettables to all magicians throughout the world.
He invented the Square Circle (he named it the Chinese Pagoda- 1930), Crystal Cylinder, Papyrus, Rainbow Cards, Miracle Divination (1938), Pocket Pass, One Pound Note Passe Passe, Shifting Sands, Pagoda-Screen-Girl Illusion, Humpty Dumpty, Camouflage, The Paint Box Effect, The Easel Illusion, Materialisation, The Chinese Vase, Milk Transit and many more.
Wrote: The Magic of Louis Histed (1947)
Hodges, James
Hodges was an illustrator whose family was English but who was born in and grew up in France. During the wartime occupation, at the age of 13, he learned magic and ventriloquism, performing to survive with his family in the concentration camps. In addition to working on countless magic books, he also produced art for the general public and was a well known designer of stage settings for French theater.

In 2002, Richard Kaufman of Genii Magazine fame released the English reprint of James Hodges' 1973 French book, Sexy Magic, a book of close-up, parlor tricks and stage illusions featuring drawings of nude women.

Wrote: Mad Magic Magazines (1976 to 1985), L'Alu et Moi! (2016) (Magic made with aluminum foil), The Great Stage Illusions of James Hodges in two volumes, La Magie Qui Rit (Magic That Laughs), Ventriloquie/Marionnettes (Ventriloquism/Puppets), All About the False Thumb (Thumb Tip), and many more.

Information and art samples from 1991: -
Hoffmann, Professor
Born in London, England. Pen name of Angelo John Lewis, a barrister (since 1861) and writer. Amateur magician since learning in the early 1860s from a book and then lessons from Hellis (in 1873) and Charlier. In 1873 he undertook a series of articles titled 'Modern Magic' for Routledge's every boy's annual, which launched his career as the most prolific and influential magic author and translator until modern times. SAM Hall of Fame.
Invented: The Tell Tale Heart, Commando, Mystic Money Box, Chest of Sibyl,
Wrote: Herrman's Tricks with Cards, Home Gymnastics (1899), Illustrated Book of Patience Games (1904), Modern Magic (1876), More Magic (1890), Later Magic (1904), Magical Titbits (1911), Latest Magic (1918), Patience with the Joker (1907)
Hofzinser, Johann Nepomuk

Born in Vienna, Austria. Learned magic by 1828. Government bureaucrat. Amateur magician, then semi-pro from 1854, then full-time pro until 1865 (when he retired from government job).

Invented Envelope Card (1847), Shell Coin (by 1847), Book Test (early 1850s), Everywhere and Nowhere (c1860), Black Art Table (1872), Slit Glass (by 1875), Spring Balls (by 1875), probably Flags of All Nations (by 1875), probably Flag Pole (by 1875), Card Frame, Card Star, probably Floating Wand, Dancing Cane, Mirror Glass, Ink to Water, Silk Casket, and probably the Small Packet Trick. He also invented the rough and smooth principle.
Holden, Max
(1884- 1949)
Born William Holden Maxwell in Boston, MA, he performed as part of duo Holden and Graham. In 1929 left the stage to become a magic dealer (Max Holden Magic Shop) in New York City, with branches in Boston and Philadelphia.

He invented a colored smoke picture trick called shadowgraphs in 1914, and also is credited with inventing the cross cut card force.

Wrote: Programmes of Famous Magicians (1937) and Manual of Juggling (1947).

Holmes, Donald

Born Donald H. Alsdorf, in Albion, Michigan. He became a magic dealer and manufacturer,and in 1906, he began selling magic props made from metal and glass from his Churchville, New York store. Then he operated "The House of Originality", 3600 Woodland Avenue, Kansas City, MO. He ended his years in Rochester, NY.

Invented: Holmes' Tumbler Manipulation, Holmes' Trick Glass Outfit, Holmes' Crystal Jar Outfit, A Hypnotic Experiment, Holmes' Color Changing Egg, Gloves to Dove, Holmes Flowers from Paper Cone, The Contrary Fluids, The Tea Chests of Wang Foo, New Handkerchief Stand, Holmes' Cards in the Hat, Holmes' Rising Cards, Holmes' Jap Box Production, The Holmes Spindle.

Wrote: Some Modern Conjuring (1909), A Mind Reading Act (1913), The Magic Art (1920), Tricks With Prepared Cards (1913), Donald Holmes' Bag O' Tricks (1923), New Card Tricks (1913). Also published a magazine from Kansas City: Holme's Magical Notes and Comments, Volumes 1-3, 36 issues (1917-1920).

Also compiled and published: Donald Holmes' Cartomancy Index Part 1 & 2, "Magic At Your Finger Tips" A Cyclopedia of Magic in Card Index Form. Compiled and Edited by Donald Holmes, Kansas City, Mo. Copyright 1933 by D. H. Alsdorf

Hooker, Samuel Cox
(1864 - 1935)
Samuel Cox Hooker was born in Brenchley, England. He studied chemistry at the Royal College of Science in London and the University of Munich. In 1885 he came to the U. S., finally residing in Brooklyn, NY. In 1916 he retired from the Sugar Beet Industry to devote his time to chemical research and his chief hobby, magic. He became interested in magic at the age of 12, and continued working on magic with the love of an amateur all his life. In 1914, he began demonstrating his rising card effect, Impossibilities, to magicians.By 1918, he had invented a floating talking bear head which he added to the demonstration, Miltiades III. These demonstrations were usually limited to private audiences of invited magicians. There was a public demonstration of Hooker's inventions by John Mulholland and Shirley Quimby in 1929, and the most recent public demonstrations by John Gaughan in 1993, and again in 2007.

Article from The Magic Detective detailing the public demonstrations of Hooker's inventions.

Hooper, Edwin
(1925 - 2005)
Magician, dealer (owner of England's Supreme Magic), and prolific inventor of many of Supreme Magic's effects. It is difficult to trace the effects that Edwin (he was always just called Edwin by most magicians) invented because he often credited other staff members at Supreme Magic with having invented the tricks he came up with. He didn't want magicians thinking he invented all of Supreme's Magic by himself (but it is almost true!).

Invented: Everyone Wins, The President's Lady, Three Little Pigs, Farmyard Frolics, Funny Fotos, Instant Art, The Rainbow House, Polly the Parrot, and many more.
Wrote: Edwin's Magic (three volumes) c. 1989, Hallo Mr. Punch , Edwin's Magic Finale, and many more.

Thanks to Chris van der Maas for providing updated information.

Horowitz, Leo Sam
Mohammed Bey (Leo Sam Horowitz), was an American magician and publisher of articles and books on magic.
Wrote: Okito Coin box Routines (1963), Jardine Ellis Ring on Stick and Ring on Rope and descriptions of magic in Stars of Magic, Jinx, Phoenix and new Phoenix.
Houdini, Harry
Born in Pest, Hungary. Stage name of Ehrich Weiss (born Erik Weisz). Brought to USA later that spring when the family name was henceforward spelled Weiss and his first name was re-spelled Ehrich.
At age 9 saw his first magician (Dr Lynn). Moved to New York City in 1888 when taught his first sleight-of-hand tricks by friends Jake Hyman and Joe Rinn. Inspired to become a professional by reading Robert-Houdin's Memoirs in 1890 and then in 1891, at Hyman's suggestion, adopted 'Houdini' as stage name.
Considered by many to be the most famous magician in history. To escape a life of poverty, he reinvented himself as magician Harry Houdini, King of Cards and Handcuff King. Houdini invented the Escape Challenge, daring spectators to handcuff or tie him in unusual knots and devices. He invented many escape devices and stage illusions includimg his most famous Water Torture Cell, The Strait Jacket Escape (1896), Houdini Pillory, Milk Can Escape, The Vanishing Elephant.
Video Link
Wrote: The Right Way To Do Wrong (1906), The Unmasking of Robert-Houdin (1906), Handcuff Secrets (1909), Magical Rope Ties & Escapes (1920), Miracle Mongers and Their Methods (1920), Mysterious Mr. Yu (a film script)(1921), Houdini's Paper Magic (1922), "Margery" the Medium Exposed (1924), A Magician Among The Spirits (1924)
Video Footage:
Hoy, David
Hoy was an ordained minister who started out using magic to illustrate concepts in the bible. After leaving the ministry, he began performing mentalism under the professional name of Dr. Faust. Later in life, he presented himself as a genuine psychic, relying on intuition, keen observation, and bold bluffs. He also wrote predictions for a weekly column that appeared in 340 newspapers.

Invented: Bold Book Test, Pocket Book Miracle, Tossed Out Deck (1963), Dr. Rhine Improved,

Wrote: Magic with a Message (1956), The Bold and Subtle Miracles of Dr. Faust (1963), ESP According to Hoy (1970), The Meaning of Tarot (1971), ESPecially Yours, David Hoy (1979), The E.S.P. Lectures (on CD)

Hugard, Jean
Born in Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia. Stage and pen name of John Gerard Rodney Boyce, originally aka 'Kellmann' and 'Jean Hugarde', later aka 'Ching Ling Foo'. Inspired in 1880 seeing Haselmayer show. Learned a week later reading Robert-Houdin's Secrets of Magic, then Hoffmann's Modern Magic. He began his professional career in 1896. He moved to USA in 1916, working vaudeville from 1916-18 and in his own magic theater in Luna Park (at Coney Island) 1919-29. When he retired, he went to Brooklyn to write and edit magic. Named 4th SAM Dean of Magicians in 1951. SAM Hall of Fame.
Wrote (with Frederick Braue): The Stripper Deck - Miracle Methods No. 1, Miracle Shuffles and Tricks - Miracle Methods No. 2 (1942),Prepared Cards and Accessories - Miracle Methods No. 3 (1942), Tricks and Sleights - Miracle Methods No. 4 (1942),Show Stoppers with Cards, The Invisible Pass (1946), The Royal Road to Card Magic (1951), Expert Card Technique (1940).
Wrote on his own: Card Manipulations (1934),Close-up Magic (1938), Coin Magic (1935), Encyclopedia of Card Tricks (1937), Houdini's Unmasking (1957), Mental Magic with Cards (1935), Money Magic (1937), More Card Manipulations (1938), Sealed Mysteries of Pocket Magic (c 1930), Silken Sorcery (1937), Thimble Magic (1936)
Edited and produced: "Hugards Magic Monthly" 22 volumes. It chronicles the American magic scene of the '40s, '50s and '60s, with emphasis on New York's 'Inner Circle'.
Hughes, Jack
Born in Exeter, England, Jack Hughes, magician, inventor and magic dealer, is renowned for his magical apparatus and inventions, much of which is still commercial and is being performed today. A cabinet maker by trade, Hughes made wooden props for Will Goldston 1936-37 and also Davenport's Magic Store. Hughes was co-founder and owner (with Harry Stanley & Arthur Dowler) of Unique Magic Studio (1946-1948). Then he founded his own "Maker of Magic" shop in London, moving it to Kings Lynn in Norfolk in the mid-1970s.

Among Jack's inventions are such classics as The Giant and the Dwarf (by 1950), Cats and Chickens, the Pro-Van Cabinet, Run Bonzo Run, Dove Carousel, Clatter Box (by 1963), Clatter Table, AttaBoy (c. late1930s), Cuban Release, Card Go, Chair Suspension, Electric Sawing,The Lady Vanishes, Fly-Away Birds, Snake Basket, Dippy Duck, Neck Spiker ,Copenetro (1939) , How Much (1947), Percy the Penguin (1948), Television Card Frame (c. 1936) and more.

Published Jack Hughes' News-Letter (1949), Hughes News (1953-59, 11 issues).

Hull, Burling

Born Burlingame Hull in Brooklyn, New York City. Inspired by and learned in 1893 at age 4 when invented first trick. Pro since 1907 or 1908 when he began his life-long career as a mail-order magic dealer, initially under own name. Burling Hull's 1909 invention of the "Self-Forcing Pack" was renamed the "Svengali Deck" by an unscrupulous Boston dealer. A few sharp dealers, stealing from each other, made several small fortunes with the literally millions of these clever "trick decks" sold ever since. Hull soon turned to teaching and writing booklets on specialized subjects in magic. His first was the 63-page Expert Billiard Ball Magic (1910), an instant success and also the first step-by-step photo-illustrated how-to magic book. Subsequently a prolific author. Invented Svengali Deck (1909), Menetekel Deck (1910), and probably the Floating Lightbulb (by 1931). Retired in Florida. Although an important figure in magic, his often outrageous claims and many empty promises led him to be widely known as 'Hurling Bull'.

Used many pseudonyms, including 'Clif Westfield' (in 1907), 'The White Wizard' (1912-18), 'Gilbert Galt' (pen name of novelettes in pulp magazines c1916), 'Gilbert Gault' (as pretend editor in 1930s), 'Sylvester Walters' (as pretend editor of Sealed Mysteries), 'Volta' (stage name since 1932), 'Lou Hall' (his pretend agent in 1950s), and 'Gid Dayn' (1959-61, his coy rendering of 'God Damn'). Wrote: Fifty Sealed Message Reading Methods
Hull, Ralph W.
American magician (specialty card magic) and magic author who invented a number of commercial effects, including the Mirage Deck(1934), and the Mental Photography Deck/ Nudist Deck (1934). Also invented: Mental Discernment(1930), Famous Vanishing Knot, Pop-Eyed Eye-Popper (1935), Joker Spelling Trick, Homing Ball, N.R.A. Deck (1933), Juggling Knives (1935 after Walter Jeans' Color Changing Knife), Cosmic Ray Cards, Delirium Tremens Deck (1934), Krazy Kards (1935), Double Blank Card Trick (1940).

Wrote: Eye-Openers (1932), More Eye-Openers (1933), Modernism in Pasteboards (with Nelson C. Hahne) (1934), Smart Magic (with Nelson C. Hahne) (1935), Fifteen Minutes With A Rope (1937).

Written about: The Testament of Ralph W. Hull by Trevor Hall (1945), Hull's The Complete Eye Openers (2005) by Paul Gordon & Natzler Enterprises.

Credit: Photo of Ralph W. Hull Programme at left was sent in by Mark Damon.

* There are some web sites that incorrectly attribute the invention of the Brainwave Deck to Ralph Hull. Dai Vernon published a description in the October 1938 (Issue 49, P. 341) issue of Jinx titled Brain Wave Deck, in which he mentions having invented the deck in 1930.

Hummer, Bob
American magician and author credited with inventing the Whirling Card, Mind Reader, Predictable Parity, Dead Parity Sketch. He lived in Chicago and Baltimore, performed professionally, and marketed his original creations to other magicians. Learn more about him from: Bob Hummer's Collected Secrets (1980) by Karl Fulves
Hunter, George W.
Invented: GW Hunter False Shuffle, GW Puzzling Knot, Acrobatic Matchbox, Gypsy Switch, stage size Card Castle, a Jumbo Three Card Monte version. His rope effects appear in the Encyclopedia of Rope Tricks. Also invented the upset knot move used in the Edward Victor's Sympathetic Silks.
Ireland, L.L. (Laurie Lowell)
American magician renowned for his skill in sleeving coins and in billiard ball manipulation. In 1926, with his wife, Frances, he opened the L.L. Ireland Magic Co. in Chicago, which has since become Magic Inc. He invented a number of popular effects and routines, including the Multiplying Golf Balls. He was married to Frances, who later married Jay Marshall.
Invented: Ireland Button Trick, Ireland's 50 Cent Routine, Condenso, Romance in Silk, Alarm Clock Surprise, Baby Trousseau Production. Super Nest of Wands, A Florist's Dream, Otto the Automated Card Duck (1936), and many more.
Wrote: Ireland Writes a Book, Ideal Handkerchief Manipulation, Ireland's New Card and Coin Manipulation, Black Art and many others.

Photo at the left, L.L. Ireland and Frances, c 1941, performing Alarm Clock Surprise.

Jaks, Dr. Stanley
Born Herbert Siegbert Jaks, he was a German born magician and mentalist who eventually became an American citizen in 1951. His title of "Dr." was given to him by Ted Annemann. Invented Supersonic Card Prediction, precursor of Grant's Slate of Mind. Other inventions are found in the works of Annemann with whom Jaks corresponded for many years.

Invented Supersonic Card Prediction (by 1948), Incredible Prediction (by 1949), Multiball (1952), The Four Blacks (1953), Mind-Ray (1955), What Card (1955), and Mental Image (1958).

James, Kevin
(1962- )
Born Kevin James Lowery, in France, to Darrell and Mary Lou Lowery, his father was a USAF helicopter pilot stationed in Europe. His family later relocated to the small town of Jonesville, Michigan, where James grew up. There was no magic shop, no magic club, and no other magicians in Jonestown. He learned magic at the public library and from presenting porch illusions on Halloween with his dad.
Today, Kevin is a headliner in Las Vegas, NV. Kevin is also a magical inventor. Not only is his show original, he has created many things that have been performed in the shows of other famous magicians like Doug Henning, Mark Wilson and David Copperfield.

Inventions: The Floating Rose, Perrier With a Twist, Animated Card Thru Balloon of Death, Snow Animator (versions 1, 2 and 3), Bowl-A-Rama

Additional information: Magic Magazine article, September 1992, by Todd Karr; ShowBiz Weekly article, February 1994, by Penny Levin; Genii Article, August 1994, by Gary Buckley; Linking Ring article, June 1999, by Christopher Broughton
Wrote: James Without Limits (2003), Kevin James Lecture Notes #1 (1991).
Informative Web-sites: ;

James, Stewart,
Magic's most creative inventor, who invented over 1000 magic tricks and published many of them in books and magazines. The book Stewart James in Print: The First 50 Years, edited by P. Howard Lyons and Allan Slaight, contained 1025 pages filled with 412 exceedingly clever tricks, and all by Stewart James. Volumes 1 and 2 of The James File by Allan Slaight, contains nearly 1700 pages of Stewart James's magic.

He also compiled and edited the Abbott Encyclopedia of Rope Tricks, and much of the work that went into Stewart James' Encyclopedia of Rope Tricks.

Informative Web site:

Jamison, R.M.
(1884 - )

Amateur American magician from Trinidad, Colorado. He invented many tricks and had them published in magic magazines, although some were marketed by others.

Invented: Spotted Sticks (c. 1937 - forerunner of Jumping Gems by Ken Allen), Pieces of Eight (c.1942), Jamison's Ribbon Cut (c. 1942), Balled-Up Bungalow (c.1943), Rattle Box Monte (c. 1944), The Mis-spotted Die (c. 1946), Production Box (c.1951) and many more.

Wrote: 13 Jumbo Card Effects (with Orville W. Meyer c.1937)

Jarrett, Guy Ellsworth
Guy Jarrett was one of the most influential inventors of illusions. In his youth he becvame interested in magic after seeing a show by Harry Kellar. About 1910, he began to build his own illusions which were constructed on the idea that the human body could fit in a much smaller space than previously thought by illusionists. In 1912 he manufactured illusions for Howard Thurston. Around 1925 Guy invented the first "Thin Model" of the "Sawing Illusion". In 1936, Jarrett published a disappointed and pessimistic book Jarrett Magic, which he manufactured and bound by hand. To learn more about him, read: The Complete Jarrett by Jim Steinmeyer.
Also invented: Siamese Cabinet (1912), Bankok Bungalow(1908), the Jarrett Pedestal (1908)
Jeans, Walter Cerreta
(1877 - 1942)
Born Walter Janes, Walter Ceretta Jeans is credited with inventing one of the most mystifying illusion principles which came to be known as The Million Dollar Mystery (1927). He invented a Cannon Illusion that he called "Blown to Atoms", with Horace Goldin, although according to Peter Warlock, the version Jeans invented was never produced. However, Goldin probably got the idea of a Cannon Illusion from working with Jeans, so we'll give him credit for the inspiration. He also invented "The Death of Coira," which was the forerunner of Andre Kole's "Table of Death,." and is also credited with inventing the Color Changing Knives.

Informative book: Walter Jeans Illusioneer, by Peter Warlock and edited by Eric C. Lewis(1986). The original book is very rare (only 500 were printed). The book is currently in a second printing (#501 to 1000) and available from Mike Caveney's Magic Words:

Jenkins, Jolyon
(1961 - )

Jolyon Jenkins is a journalist who published his first article in "Everyday Electronics" at the age of 16 and went on to write for a number of electronics magazines before drifting into a job as a radio producer and presenter. As an amateur magician, he performs as Montague The Mysterious, and has made a number of radio documentaries about magic, including one about the centenary of the Magic Circle, and another about magic busking. He has two children who are bored with all his tricks but who are occasionally infuriated by new ones.
Invented: Self-Contained Self-Lighting Radio-Controlled Candle (2011), Automatic Falling Wall Frame (2011), Timed Falling Desk Frame (2011), Radio Controlled Spirit Bell (2011), Swinging Spirit Bell (2012), Relightable Self-Lighting Candle (2012), Mental Affinity (2013), Ghost Frame (2015).

Web site:

L-R: Fred Johansen, Harry Blackstone Sr, Bunny Johansen (c. 1953)
Johansen, Fred W.
(1911 - 2004)
Born Fred William Johansen, he and his twin brother Ferd became interested in magic and performed together as "The Twin Mystics" in schools around Hay Springs, Nebraska where they grew up. He began working as a professional magician when he moved to Omaha, Nebraska in the 1930s. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Navy and did extensive travel in China and Mongolia. He also worked as a cryptologist for the National Security Agency (NSA).

He invented one particular effect which he used in his act and which became well known among magicians; The Mongolian Silk Mystery (1953)
Wrote: Magical Wordplay With Palindromes in the June 1969 issue of MUM.

There is a third person account of his Mongolian Adventures in The Land of the Camel By Schuyler Cammann online HERE
Search for the name "Fred" to locate the specific references.
Johnson, Everett Earl
(1932 - 2009) Although he was known to many as "Earl", to the members of the Mecca Magic Club he was known as "Everett", and to the rest of the world simply as "Presto." He was largely self-taught as a street magician, and his inventions were the unique routines he came up with for standard magic tricks, as evidenced in his performance of the magic sponge balls:
performed at Hubert's Museum in Times Square, NY or his Cigarette Magic routine performed in the Poconos, PA.
or the Needle Through Balloon:
Jones, Chuck
(1942 - )
At the age of 12, Chuck Jones performed on The Johnny Carson Show. At the age of 20, he had his own magic show. Inventor of the Divided Lady or Mis-made Girl Illusion - see photo at right.

Other Illusions he has invented: Squeeze Play, Space Age Cylinders, and Hi-Tech Levitation. His latest is called Fusion; a woman penetrates a large sheet of glass apparently without harm until the glass fuses together cutting her in half.
Jordan, Charles Thorton

Born in California, USA. Inspired in 1898 (age 10) on seeing a performance by Kellar. In 1919 he published a book on card magic entitled Thirty Card Mysteries. In it he described a novel sleight today called the Jordan Count. He was also first to mention the word "Monte" in that book, to describe the three card trick being used by street gamblers and magicians at the time. In 1920 he published 5 booklets with over 50 card effects. He continued publishing until 1923 and then lost his interest in magic.

Charles Jordan never performed in public and his fame was mostly based on his publications. In 1935 he was contacted by Theodore Annemann who wanted to publish a collection of his work. However, the series was abandoned shortly after.

Also Wrote: Ten New Prepared Card Tricks (1920)
(1873 - 1946)
Born Joseph P. Freund in Vienna of Austrian parents, he came to the USA at the age of 19 where he worked at a Chicago Magic Store, building props and illusions. He invented a self-contained, no-thread version of The Rising Cards that astounded magicians of his day. Other inventions included The Enigmatic Cube, a variant of Bautier De Kolta's Expanding Cube, The Phantom Quartette, The Congress of Nations, and Balsamo, the Living Skull, among other things. His creations were described by David P. Abbott in The Marvelous Creations of Joseffy (1908).
Jossefy was also reputed to be an excellent violinist and pianist, who performed professionally on the Chautauqua circuit (c 1905). The famous American poet, Carl Sandburg, also wrote a promotional booklet entitled simply Joseffy (1910).
Joseph, Eddie
Born in India, the son of European parents he developed an interest in magic about the age of 12. As an adult, he operated a school for magicians in Bombay.

Wrote: The Art of Body Loading, The Art of Eddie Joseph, The Manual of the 3 Shell Game, Magic and Mysteries of India, Eddie Joseph on... Cups and Balls, The Hindu Cups, Coin and Money Magic (1942),

Invented: Premonition Mental Card Miracle, Mirage gimmick, Mail Mentalism, the Chain Link Escape (he named it "Electronic Escape") and many others.

Judah, Stewart
(born Joshua Stewart) Began a career in magic in 1920. By 1938 he was selected as one of the 10 best living card magicians. He had an encyclopedic knowledge of all aspects of magic.

Judah published numerous effects in magazines (Jinx, Phoenix, New Phoenix, Talisman, Linking Ring).

Wrote: Magic World of Stewart Judah.
Contributed many effects to the Rice Encyclopedia of Silk Magic, as well as to the Tarbell Course in Magic.

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